indefilms.net homepage
downloads information links

information
CAMERA TIPS


As with all rules in creative ventures, they are able to be broken in some circumstances. But understanding their importance (how and why they work) can be useful as a starting point. The following briefly covers some very basic established norms in film and video shooting.

ANGLE OF THE CAMERA IN RELATION TO SCREEN SUBJECTS

The height and angle of the camera can give emphasis to a subjects dominance, or passivity (also depending on setting, performance and atmosphere). Shooting from a low angle, looking up at a subject can give them a powerful and even threatening appearance (Diagram 1/A). Placing the camera at a high angle, looking down can give the opposite effect, tending to make the subject passive and threatened (Diagram 1/B).

Low angle

Diagram 1/A (Low angle shot)
High angle

Diagram 1/B (High angle shot)



CROSSING THE LINE (180 DEGREES)

NOT “crossing the line” is a basic rule of thumb in filming (especially during dialogue). To start, imagine there is a line drawn down the centre, between two people, the centre of the line being their noses. You want to keep the camera/s on the same side of the line (Diagram 2/A). To cross the line would be visually confusing (Diagram 3/A). Note: the edited shot views for both examples (2/B & 3/B).

Not crossing the line

Diagram 2/A. (Not crossing the line)


Not crossing the line edited effect

Diagram 2/B. (Final edited effect)




Crossing the line

Diagram 3/A. (Crossing the line)


Crossing the line edited effect

Diagram 3/B. (Final edited effect)




The 180 degree line applies to many other circumstances when filming, but the ultimate purpose is to be able to edit between shots without any confusing, or distracting results. The line although present in theory, does not have to be the centre of a performers face (such as Diagram 4/A & 4/B below). It also applies within sets and places, with objects and other subjects.

Side to side camera line

Diagram 4/A (Side on line cameras)


Side on edited effect

Diagram 4/B (Final edited effect)


Tutorials & Insights:

The POV Shot — The Art of the Subjective Camera and "Point of View Shot" https://youtu.be/BLCQAmTleP0

Depth of Field Explained: Ultimate Guide to Camera Focus [Shot List Ep. 4] https://youtu.be/ZGNUqNFfD8M


3 Brilliant Moments of Blocking (in Kurosawa's High and Low) https://youtu.be/LC8KYm85zig

How Kubrick, Spielberg, and Inarritu Stage their Scenes https://youtu.be/o-4rk3T8PbQ


Camera sensor and film size explained – From 1/3 inch over super35 to IMAX  https://youtu.be/rUOYXjH6y7w

Getting the right shots and coverage. https://youtu.be/okphB85lfjk

Camera Gear: Every Type of Camera Rig Explained [The Shot List, Ep 5] https://youtu.be/heJ9hWNb10g

Ultimate Guide to Camera Movement - Every Camera Movement Technique Explained [The Shot List Ep6] https://youtu.be/IiyBo-qLDeM

How to shoot a scene - blocking actors https://youtu.be/y9_LW5H2EC4


See also; Caption/Title Safe Areas

email indefilms.net

Copyright © indefilms.net 2005 - 2021. All rights reserved.